Speech pathology is a clinical practice wherein a speech pathology specialist, usually known by the short form, speech therapist, both of which may be recognized by the short description, speech pathologist. A speech pathology specialist treats patients who experience vocal or speaking problems, including vocal dystrophy (commonly referred to as vocal nodules or vocal collars), vocal cord trauma or a speech disorder called stuttering. The treatment of these disorders may include medication or surgery. A speech-language pathologist diagnoses the disorder of the patient and begins the process of therapy, starting with a thorough examination and laboratory tests to determine the cause. The treatment plan may include long-term management, as in the case of stuttering, or short-term therapy, such as in the case of vocal nodules or vocal collars.
Speech pathology involves the study and treatment of the communication skills of the human voice. It can be subdivided into two major branches: voice analysis and voice pathology. Voice analysis deals with the collection, management and evaluation of the structure and dynamics of the voice, while speech pathology deals with the voice and its diseases. Some of the diseases that are associated with the agent are vocal nodules, polyps, adenoids, tonsillitis, laryngitis, ear infections and other airless membrane problems, throat inflammation, lymphedema and meningitis.
What is a speech pathology? The major functions of the speech centres are for voice diagnosis and the treatment of physiological and pathological conditions that involve the voice. Several voice disorders may have no apparent cause; however, speech pathology can help identify them and develop effective treatments for their management. An example of this is the pathophysiology of acquired languages, the study of acquired speech disorders and the management of their underlying physiological causes.
One branch of speech pathology deals with disorders of the larynx, or voice box, including the common vocal cord disorder. Another branch involves assessing and managing the voice due to the brain and head injuries, stroke, or brain damage. A third specialization deals with disorders of the respiratory system, including hoarseness, snoring and sleep apnea.
What is a speech pathology? The essential characteristics of all speech disorders are articulation problems or irregularities in the articulation of the sounds produced by the vocal cords. Either intrinsic or extrinsic causes cause these irregularities. Inherent causes include tumours on the vocal cords, mucous membrane disorders, and other muscular problems in the neck and throat. External causes are factors that directly affect the structures of the vocal cords and larynx.
An individual’s communication quality dramatically affects their social and personal life. Hence, it is necessary to address the issues surrounding the voice and its disorders. Understanding one’s voice and speaking with confidence can go a long way in achieving success in business, career and social endeavours. If you have any doubt regarding what is a speech pathology? You can seek professional help at a speech-language pathologists‘ clinic or a voice clinic.